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Summary of The Old Testament

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Key Points of the Old Testament

Key Points of the New Testament

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A prophet of Judah around 740 B.C., Isaiah, for around fifty years revealed many of his thoughts and visions. Some of these can be interpreted as having implications for the future of the time of Isaiah or even possibly yet to come now. In the "last days," Jerusalem would be the main attraction:

  1. "And He shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more." (Isaiah 2:4, from King James' Version).
  2. "The Lord Almighty has a day in store for all the proud and lofty, for all that is exalted (and they will be humbled)," (Isaiah 2:12).
  3. "The people walking in darkness have seen a great Light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a Light has dawned." (Isaiah 9:2).
  4. "See, the day of the Lord is coming -- a cruel day, with wrath and fierce anger -- to make the land desolate and destroy the sinners within it. The stars of heaven and their constellations will not show their light. The rising sun will be darkened and the moon will not give its light." (Isaiah 13:9-10).
  5. "Therefore I will make the heavens tremble; and the earth will shake from its place at the wrath of the Lord Almighty, in the day of His burning anger." (Isaiah 13:13).
  6. "So will it be on the earth and among all the nations...gleanings are left (i.e., a few people will remain)...They raise their voices, they shout for joy...singing: 'Glory to the Righteous One'..." (Isaiah 24:13-16).
  7. "In that day the Lord will punish the powers in the heavens above and the kings on the earth below...the Lord Almighty will reign on Mount Zion in Jerusalem..." (Isaiah 24:21-23).
  8. "He will swallow up death forever...." (Isaiah 25:8).
  9. "...the deaf will hear...the eyes of the blind will see...the humble (i.e., meek) will rejoice...ruthless will vanish..." (Isaiah 29:18-20).
  10. "...with your own eyes you will see them (i.e., your Teachers)." (Isaiah 30:20).
  11. "The moon will shine like the sun, and the sunlight will be seven times brighter ..." (Isaiah 30:26).
  12. "All the stars of heaven will be dissolved and the sky rolled up like a scroll; all the starry host will fall like withered leaves from the vine, like shriveled figs from the fig tree." (Isaiah 34:4).
  13. "Then will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue (i.e., person that can't speak) shout for joy..." (Isaiah 35:6).
  14. "...the ransomed of the Lord...will enter Zion with singing...Gladness and joy will overtake them, and sorrow and sighing will flee away." (Isaiah 35:10).
  15. "You who bring good tidings to Zion...say...'Here is your God!'...with power, and His Arm rules for Him..." (Isaiah 40:9-10).
  16. "...the Lord will be your everlasting Light, and your days of sorrow will end." (Isaiah 60:20).
  17. "Behold, I will create new heavens and a new earth. The former things will not be remembered, nor will they come to mind." (Isaiah 65:17).
  18. "The wolf and lamb will feed together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox, but dust will be the serpent's food. They will neither harm nor destroy..." (Isaiah 65:25).
  19. "For with fire and with His sword the Lord will execute judgment upon all men..." (Isaiah 66:16).

Isaiah refers to the Messiah:

  1. "Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a Son, and will call Him Immanuel [meaning 'God with us']." (Isaiah 7:14).
  2. "For to us a Child is born, to us a Son is given...will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace." (Isaiah 9:6).
  3. "A Shoot (i.e., offspring)... from the stump of Jesse...a Branch...will judge the needy...will give decisions for the poor of the earth...The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat...In that day (possibly Judgment Day) the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for all peoples; the nations will rally to Him..." (Isaiah 11:1-10).
  4. "...My Chosen One...will bring justice to the nations...will not falter or be discouraged until He establishes justice on earth..." (Isaiah 42:1-4).
  5. "...My Servant will act wisely...His appearance was so disfigured...His form will He sprinkle many nations (or, 'so will many nations marvel at Him')...But He was pierced for our transgressions...the punishment that brought us peace was upon Him, and by His wounds we are healed...and the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity (i.e, sins) of us all...was led like a Lamb to the slaughter...After the suffering of His soul, He will see the Light of Life..." (Isaiah 52:13-15; Isaiah 53).

Praising the Lord on Judgment Day appears to be the intent of Isaiah 12. Everlasting life is the thought of Isaiah 26:19:

Isaiah caused time to go backwards, reported in Isaiah 38:8 as well as in 2 Kings 20:11. Isaiah told the Hebrews that they were God's chosen people, and that God was always with them (Isaiah 9-20; 48:12-13; 66:22). However, Isaiah, speaking for the Lord, said that the Hebrews had rebelled and that His "servants" will be called by another name (Isaiah 65). Isaiah often uses the description of the Potter (God) with the people of earth being the clay turned into pots or jars (Isaiah 29:16; 45:9; 64:8).

Isaiah stated these words from God about God:

Isaiah also told of God's interest in the Gentiles (non-Jews):

Other important points from Isaiah:

  1. "The righteous (i.e., good people) perish and no one ponders it in his heart...Those who walk uprightly enter into peace; they find rest as they lie in death." (Isaiah 57:1-2).
  2. "...if you spend yourselves in behalf of the hungry and satisfy the needs of the oppressed, then your light will rise in the darkness, and your night will become like the noonday." (Isaiah 58:10).
  3. "If you keep ...the Sabbath (the holy day, i.e., Saturday for Jews; now Sunday for most people, generally) ...holy...then you will find your joy in the Lord...ride on the heights...feast on the inheritance..." (Isaiah 58:13-14).
  4. "They have chosen their own ways, and their souls delight in their abominations (i.e., bad things)." (Isaiah 66:3)


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